2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結

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2014版新目標英語八年級下冊目錄Unit1 What’t the matterUnit2.I’ll help to clean up the city parksUnit3 Could you please clean your room?Unit4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?Units 5 What were you doing when therainstorm came?Unit 6 An old man tried to move themountains.Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in theworld?Unit8 Have you read TreasureIslandyet?Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?Unit10 I’ve had this bike for three yearswww.kjnfab.live防采集請勿采集本網。

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1-----第10單元知識點總結

【解答】很高興在這里給你解答問題。2014年春季八年級下冊英語課本及單詞,最新清晰版下載鏈接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1i3ieIbF 希望我給你的回答,對你的學習有幫助。祝你學習進步、學習快樂

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

2014人教版八年級下冊英語P59,第八單元3a翻譯: 請快速閱讀魯濱遜.克魯索這段文章,然后回答下列問題: 問題:1、魯濱遜.克魯索在等誰?2 魯濱遜.克魯索為什么把這個人叫成Friday(星期五)?課文

一、基礎知識

你們老師難道不講嗎?1a Jobs:astronaut,computer programmer Transportation:train,rocket Places to live:space station;house;apartment 2a 2,3,1 2b 1live 2work 3am 4lived 5took 6'll be 7

1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

請到這里:下載【2014春新目標八下單詞及課文全冊MP3(Unit 1-5的單詞不清晰).rar】 鏈接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1kTzKkfX 密碼:p3og

【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.問題;事情

語法聚焦 昨晚8點你在做什么?我在洗淋浴。暴風雨時zhidao她在做什么?她在做家庭作業。當暴風雨來臨時他在做什么?當暴風雨來臨時,他在圖書館里閱讀。當開始下回大雨時本在做什么?當開始下雨

What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 為名詞, 其前可加the 或形容詞性物主代詞,wrong 是adj. 不能加the【用法】用于詢問某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻煩、問題其后跟詢問對象時, 與介詞with連用。即:

What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble? = What’s up? = What happens to sb.?

— What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold.

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。 have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒

have a fever 發燒 have a cough咳嗽 have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache頭疼

3. 身體部位+ache(疼痛)構成新的復合詞

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛

4. much too+ 形容詞,意為 太...... ,too much+名詞,意為 很多,大量 。

5. enough【形容、副詞】足夠的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足夠好,enough money=much money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺著,過去式lay;lie說謊,過去式lied

7. maybe “或許”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情態動詞+be的結構,意為“可能,也許”,后加名詞、代詞或形容詞。He may be angry.

sound like+名詞代詞和從句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth.

It sounds like a good idea. sound+形容詞,“聽起來,好像”,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,實義動詞need+名詞,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主語通常是人,表示人主動的動作:You need to listen carefully during class.

need doing sth.主語通常是物,表示被動的動作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交車) get on 上車

11. agree 同意,贊同;

點擊圖片看大圖agree with sth. 同意某事 如:I agree with that idea.

agree to sb. 同意某人的意見 如:I agree to LiLei.

12. trouble問題,麻煩 ;be in trouble遇到麻煩,make trouble 制造麻煩 ,have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth做......有麻煩。

13. right away=right now=at once,意為 馬上 。

點擊圖片看大圖14. advice [不可數名詞]勸告,建議,向…征求意見, give sb. advice on sth.就某事給某人建議; advise [動詞] advise sb. to do sth. 建議某人做某事

advise sb. doing sth.

【復習】exercise 練習、鍛煉

點擊圖片看大圖當exercise意為“練習”時,為可數名詞 即可加s

當exercise意為“鍛煉”時,為不可數名詞 即不加s

16. hurt 及物動詞,使……疼痛,……受傷,He hurt his leg while exercising.

不及物動詞,……(部位)疼。 His leg hurt badly.

clean 【動詞】打掃,clean the classroom打掃教室,【形容詞】 干凈的 ,cleaner意為 清潔工 。

18. hit (用手或器具)打;擊打 The boy hit the dog with a stone.

點擊圖片看大圖 hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的頭、鼻子、后背,on用在所打較硬的部位;

hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的臉、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打較軟的部位。

點擊圖片看大圖be used to sth./ doing sth.習慣于、適應了……、做某事,強調狀態;His grandpa was used to country life.

Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.

get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “變得習慣,逐漸適應……”強調過程、動作:

It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.

20. 【復習】free [形容詞]空閑的free time;免費的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.

free【動詞】使……解脫,得到自由:He could not free his arm.

run out用完,用盡 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.

點擊圖片看大圖物sth. run out. 某物用盡了。

人sb. run out of sth. 人用盡了某物。He run out of all his money last night.

22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒險去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒險

23. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性

We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

importance n. 重要(性), important adj.重要的,unimportant adj.不重要的

decision 【名詞】決定;抉擇; make a decision 做決定 ;

make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth. 。

25. be in the control of …掌管,管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

be out of control無法控制,無法管理 be under control被控制住,在控制之中

26. 【復習】mind意為 介意 ,mind doing sth. 介意做某事 ,

Would you mind my opening the window?

27. give up (doing) sth. 放棄(做)某事,give up (playing) computer games;

give up后可接名詞、代詞和動詞ing形式,也可不接,如: Never give up easily.

二、重點語法

【反身代詞】英語中共有八個反身代詞,在使用時應注意和它所指的相應的對象在人稱、性別、數上保持一致。數 人稱第一人稱第二人稱第三人稱單數

myself

yourself

himself herself itself復數

ourselves

yourselves

themselves【用法】

1. 可用作賓語,指的是賓語和主語表示同一個或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.

2. 可用作表語,指的是表語和主語表示同一個或同一些人或事物。 如: She isn’t quite herself today.

3. 可用作主語或賓語的同位語,常用來加強語氣。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.

4. 用在某些固定短語當中。 look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顧自己 teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自學

一般將來時表示將來某個時間要發生的動作或者存在的狀態。通常與表示將來的時間狀語連用,如tomorrow,theday after tomorrow,next year,next month,next week,in 100 years等。be going to do(動詞原形)結構:表示打算、準備做的事情或者肯定要發生的事情。如:It is going to rain.will do結構表示將來的用法:1.表示預見Do you think it will rain?You will feel better after a good rest.2.表示意圖I will borrow a book from our school library tomorrow.What will she do tomorrow?基本構成如下:一般疑問句構成:1will+主語do?Will Sarah come to visit me next Sunday?2there be結構的一般疑問句:Will there+be?Will there be fewer trees?Yes,there will./No,there won’t否定句構成:will+notwon’tdoSarah won’t come to visit me next Sunday.特殊疑問句構成:特殊疑問詞+will主語+??What will Sarah do next Sunday?練一練★根據例句,用will改寫下列各句例:I don’t feel well today.be better tomorrowI’ll be better tomorrow1.Gina has six classes today.have a lot of homework tonight2.I’m tired now.sleep later3.My parents need a new car.buy one soon4.We can’t leave right now.leave a little later5.The weather is awful today.be better tomorrow答案:1.She’ll have a lot of homework tonight.2.I’ll sleep later.3.They’ll buy one soon.4.We’ll leave a little later.5.Maybe it’ll be better tomorrow內容來自www.kjnfab.live請勿采集。

www.kjnfab.live true http://www.kjnfab.live/wendangku/z5s/f5bg/jbe89307e21v/kaf45b207a857l.html report 11468 2014新版八年級英語下冊第1-----第10單元知識點總結Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.問題;事情 What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了?【注】: mat
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