2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結

來源:百度  [  文檔由 曾經最美198698 貢獻   ]  責編:呂秀玲  |  侵權/違法舉報

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1-----第10單元知識點總結

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

一、基礎知識

1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.問題;事情

What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 為名詞, 其前可加the 或形容詞性物主代詞,wrong 是adj. 不能加the

【用法】用于詢問某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻煩、問題其后跟詢問對象時, 與介詞with連用。即:

What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble? = What’s up? = What happens to sb.?

— What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold.

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。 have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒

have a fever 發燒 have a cough咳嗽 have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache頭疼

3. 身體部位+ache(疼痛)構成新的復合詞

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛

4. much too+ 形容詞,意為 太...... ,too much+名詞,意為 很多,大量 。

5. enough【形容、副詞】足夠的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足夠好,enough money=much money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺著,過去式lay;lie說謊,過去式lied

7. maybe “或許”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情態動詞+be的結構,意為“可能,也許”,后加名詞、代詞或形容詞。He may be angry.

sound like+名詞代詞和從句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth.

It sounds like a good idea. sound+形容詞,“聽起來,好像”,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,實義動詞need+名詞,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主語通常是人,表示人主動的動作:You need to listen carefully during class.

need doing sth.主語通常是物,表示被動的動作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交車) get on 上車

11. agree 同意,贊同;

agree with sth. 同意某事 如:I agree with that idea.

agree to sb. 同意某人的意見 如:I agree to LiLei.

12. trouble問題,麻煩 ;be in trouble遇到麻煩,make trouble 制造麻煩 ,have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth做......有麻煩。

13. right away=right now=at once,意為 馬上 。

14. advice [不可數名詞]勸告,建議,向…征求意見, give sb. advice on sth.就某事給某人建議; advise [動詞] advise sb. to do sth. 建議某人做某事

advise sb. doing sth.

【復習】exercise 練習、鍛煉

當exercise意為“練習”時,為可數名詞 即可加s

當exercise意為“鍛煉”時,為不可數名詞 即不加s

16. hurt 及物動詞,使……疼痛,……受傷,He hurt his leg while exercising.

不及物動詞,……(部位)疼。 His leg hurt badly.

clean 【動詞】打掃,clean the classroom打掃教室,【形容詞】 干凈的 ,cleaner意為 清潔工 。

18. hit (用手或器具)打;擊打 The boy hit the dog with a stone.

hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的頭、鼻子、后背,on用在所打較硬的部位;

hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的臉、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打較軟的部位。

be used to sth./ doing sth.習慣于、適應了……、做某事,強調狀態;His grandpa was used to country life.

Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.

get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “變得習慣,逐漸適應……”強調過程、動作:

It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.

20. 【復習】free [形容詞]空閑的free time;免費的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.

free【動詞】使……解脫,得到自由:He could not free his arm.

run out用完,用盡 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.

物sth. run out. 某物用盡了。

人sb. run out of sth. 人用盡了某物。He run out of all his money last night.

22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒險去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒險

23. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性

We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

importance n. 重要(性), important adj.重要的,unimportant adj.不重要的

decision 【名詞】決定;抉擇; make a decision 做決定 ;

make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth. 。

25. be in the control of …掌管,管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

be out of control無法控制,無法管理 be under control被控制住,在控制之中

26. 【復習】mind意為 介意 ,mind doing sth. 介意做某事 ,

Would you mind my opening the window?

27. give up (doing) sth. 放棄(做)某事,give up (playing) computer games;

give up后可接名詞、代詞和動詞ing形式,也可不接,如: Never give up easily.

二、重點語法

【反身代詞】英語中共有八個反身代詞,在使用時應注意和它所指的相應的對象在人稱、性別、數上保持一致。

數 人稱

第一人稱

第二人稱

第三人稱

單數

myself

yourself

himself herself itself

復數

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

【用法】

1. 可用作賓語,指的是賓語和主語表示同一個或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.

2. 可用作表語,指的是表語和主語表示同一個或同一些人或事物。 如: She isn’t quite herself today.

3. 可用作主語或賓語的同位語,常用來加強語氣。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.

4. 用在某些固定短語當中。

look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顧自己 teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自學

enjoy oneself 玩得高興,過得愉快

help oneself to sth 請自用……(隨便吃/喝些……).

hurt oneself摔傷自己

say to oneself自言自語

leave sb. by oneself把某人單獨留下

buy oneself sth.給自己買……東西

introduce oneself 介紹……自己?

【提醒】

1. 反身代詞不能單獨做主語,但可以做主語的同位語,起強調作用。 如:我自己能完成作業。

(誤)Myself can finish my homework. (正) I myself can finish my homework. / I can finish my homework myself.

2. 反身代詞表示“某人自己”不能表示“某人的東西”,因為它沒有所有格的形式。表達“某人自己的(東西)”時,須要用one’s own.

如:我用我自己的蠟筆畫畫。(誤)I’m drawing with myself crayons. (正) I’m drawing with my own crayons.

Unit 2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks

一、基本知識點

1. sick 生病的,有病的;可在句中作表語Mary could not come because she is sick.

也可作定語a sick child

【區別ill】ill與sick同義;但是只在句中做表語,不做定語。Mary could not come because she is ill.

2. cheer (sb.) up(讓某人)變得高興;振奮起來The good news cheered up everyone in our class.

3. give out分發;散發,相當于hand out,The teacher is giving out/ handing out the test papers.

give sth. out to sb. 意為 把某物分發給某人 。

4. volunteer 【名詞】志愿者 【動詞】義務做,自愿做(某事)volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事 ,

The girls could volunteer in an after-school study program.

5. used to do sth.過去/曾經(常)做某事,表示過去的習慣、動作或狀態,并強調現在已經不再存在或發生。

There used to be a cinema here. 這里曾有一個照相機。

They told me stories about the past and how things used to be. 他們告訴我關于這里過去的故事。

6. alone 【形容詞】獨自一人的,無感情色彩:The musician enjoyed living alone and writing songs himself.

lonely (感到)孤獨寂寞的,帶有很強的感情色彩,可做表語或定語。The lonely boy is not lonely now.

7. care for sb./sth.照顧;照料……

care 【名詞】小心,關心take care of=look after →【動詞】care about sb./sth.關心,在意某人/事

→【形容詞】careful 仔細的 / careless 粗心的 →【副詞】carefully 仔細地

8. such “這樣的,這種,如此”,用于修飾名詞

such+ a/ an+形容詞+單數名詞:such a good day 多么美好的一天 /such an exciting match 多么 精彩的比賽

such+形容詞+復數名詞/不可數名詞:such important decisions 多么重要的建議 such delicious food 多么美味的食物

如果名詞前被many, much, few, little修飾時,只能用so,而不用such:so many sick children/ so little time

9. try out for…參加…選拔,爭取成為…Thirty football players tried out for the Best Player of the year.

try out試用,試驗

10. journey 【名詞】(尤指長途)旅行,行程;trip【名詞】多指短途旅行;

travel【名詞、動詞】travel around the world →【名詞】traveler旅行者

11.【復習】be busy with sth. 忙于(做)什么事情 be busy doing sth. 忙于(做)什么事情

12.【復習】try doing sth. 試著去做某事 try to do sth. 盡力去做某事 try one’s best (to do sth.) 盡某人最大的努力去做某事

13.【復習】be worried about sb./ sth. = worry about sb./ sth. 擔心某人、某事

14. raise money集資,籌錢;raise money for…為……籌錢

raise【動詞】舉起;提高;募集

15. keep【動詞】keep+名詞,保留(某物);keep+形容詞,保持

16.【形容詞】broken破損的,出毛病的;blind瞎的,失明的;deaf聾的;disabled有殘疾的,喪失能力的;在句中做定語和表語。

make it possible (for sb.) to do sth.使(某人)做某事成為可能,

You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.

make it +形容詞(+for sb.) to do sth. 使(某人)做某事成為…;

think/find it +形容詞to do sth.

18. make a difference to…對……有影響;對……有作用,difference前可以用no, any, some, much等修飾,如

The rain made no difference to the game.

Hard-working makes much difference to study.

19. difficulty【可數/不可數】表示抽象意義的“困難”時為不可數;表示具體的“難題、難事”時為可數;

have difficulty (in) doing sth.= have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困難

20. train【動詞】訓練,trained為過去分詞,可做定語,意為“受過訓練的”a trained dog

21. be excited about sth. 對某事感到興奮 ,Everyone is excited about the good news.

【復習】excited意為 興奮的,修飾人;exciting意為 令人興奮/激動的,修飾物。

22. order【名詞】命令,指示;順序,次序【動詞】訂購;點(菜)follow the order。

23. change【動詞】變化,改變It’s hard for a person to change his life(style). 【名詞】變化;零錢

change A for B用A換成B:When you travel in China, remember to change US dollars for RMB.

repair 【動詞】修理,修補; fix【動詞】安裝;使固定 【fix up修理=repair】

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

Peter ,could you please take out the trash? 彼得,你能把垃圾倒了嗎?

Could you please do sth ?請你(做)......好嗎? 用于提出請求,希望得到對方的肯定回答,說話的語氣比較客氣委婉。

Could 不是can的過去式,是委婉、禮貌的說法。回答用can.

【常用答語】肯定回答:Sure./ Of course./ Certainly./No problem. 否定回答: Sorry , I can’t

2、take out 取出(v+ adv)

【注】: 跟代詞做賓語,代詞放中間;跟名詞做賓語,可放在中間,也可放在后邊

His teeth hurt badly. The dentist take them out .

【短語】take out the trash 倒垃圾 take a walk 散步 take away 拿走,取走

take back 收回 take place 發生 take off 脫下; 起飛

3. Can you do the dishes.?那你可以洗盤子嗎?

do the dishes 洗碗

【結構1】do the +名詞: do the dishes/ laundry 洗餐具/衣服

【結構2】do the +動詞-ing do the cleaning 打掃衛生

【結構3】do one’s + 名詞 do one’s housework/ homework 做家務/家庭作業

【結構4】do some +動詞-ing do some reading/ shopping 讀寫書/購物

Could I at least finish watching this show? 至少讓我看完這個節目可以嗎?

1】Could I do a sth? 我可以做......嗎?

用于表達請求,語氣比較委婉。 Could I go out with my classmate this weekend?

2】at least 至少,多指數量或程度上的最低限度。(反) at most 至少,不超過

Now all of us exercise at least an hour a day and outside school.

3】finish v 結束;完成 finish doing sth 做完某事

— Can you finish __reading__ these books before 10 o'clock? — Yes, I can.

5、I think two hours of TV is enough for you! 我覺得你看兩個小時的電視已經足夠了。

1】two hours of TV 表示時間、距離、金額、度量等詞語作主語時,通常被視作整體,謂語動詞用單數形式。

How time is flies! Three years __is_____(be) really a short time.

作形容詞

足夠的,充分的(在句中作定語或表語)

【解析2】enough I don’t have enough money with me.

作 副詞

足夠;充分(放在形容詞;副詞后)The river is deep enough for swimming.

【記】 Mr. Smith has enough money ,but he isn’t kind enough to help others.

【注意】enough 修飾名詞時,置于名詞前;修飾形容詞時,置于形容詞之后。

6、Could you take out the rubbish,fold the clothes and do the dishes?

你能把垃圾倒了。把衣服疊好,再把碗洗了嗎?

【解析】take out 拿出;取出

take 的用法:

拿;取 Please take some books to the classroom.

吃;喝;服用

Take this medicine three times a day.

乘(車;船等)take

They usually take the bus to work.

花費(時間;金錢)

It takes me two hours to do my homework every day.

【拓展】take 構成的短語:

take a walk 去散步 take a rest 休息 take care of 照顧 take off 脫下;起飛 take up 占據 take down 拿下 take one’s time 不急;慢慢來 take one’s temperature 量體溫

7. The minute I sat down in front of the TV, my mom came over .

我剛坐在電視機前面,我媽媽就過來了。

【解析1】the minute = as soon as “一...... 就......” Please write to me the minute you get there.

【解析2】 in front of

in front of 指在物體外部的前面

There is a bike in front of the classroom.

in the front of 【辨析】

指在物體內部的前面

Our teacher is standing in the front of the classroom

【記】 The driver sat _____in the front of___________ the car. The policeman stood ___in front of________ the car.

【注意】有the無the區別大:

at table 吃飯;進餐 in hospital 住院

at the tabel 在桌邊 in the hospital 在醫院(不一定看病)

【解析3】come over 過來

【拓展】 come 短語:

come across(偶然)發現 come back 回來 come up with想出

come true實現 come down下來 come from=be from來自,出生于

come in/into進入,進來 come on趕快,加油 come along走吧,過來,快點

come and go來來去去 come up上來 come out出來,(花)開,(照片)沖洗出來

7. You watch TV all the time and never help out around the house! 你總是看電視,從不幫忙做家務!

all the time = always 一直;總是

8. I’m just as tired as you are! 我和你一樣累! 【解析】as...as ... 和......一樣......

9. For one week , she did not do any housework and neither did I. 一周的時間,她不做任何家務,我也不做。

【解析】neither +助動詞/系動詞/情態動詞 +主語 “某人(主語) 也不”

⑴ neither兩者都不

neither …nor… 既不…也不…,連接兩個詞做主語,謂語動詞由后一個主語確定Neither Tom nor Jim is a student

⑵ 表達“…也不……” 則用 “Neither /Nor + be / V助 / V情 + 主”

—The first one wasn’t bad. — Neither was the second.

10. The next day , my mom came home from work to find the house clean and tidy.

第二天,媽媽下班回到家后發現房間很干凈、整潔。

【解析】find +賓語+賓語補足語

【注】find → found →found v尋找

(1) find sb. doing sth 發現某人做某事

(2) find it + adj. + to do sth 發現做某事很……

◆find it difficult/ hard to do sth 發現做某事很困難 She found _it__ hard to finish the work by herself.

11. She asked in surprise.她吃驚地問道。

【解析】in surprise 驚奇地;吃驚地

surprise v 使吃驚→surprising adj. 令人吃驚的 →surprised adj. 吃驚的

to one’s surprise 使某人吃驚的是 in surprise 吃驚地 be surprised at 對……感到吃驚

To my surprise_(使我吃驚的是),he got the first prize in the exam.

12. “ I’m do sorry, Mom. I finish understand that we need to share the housework to have a clean and comfortable home.” I replied.

“對不起,媽媽。我終于理解為了擁有一個干凈、舒適的家我們需要共同來分擔家務。” 我回答說。

【解析1】need v 需要

用于肯定句,是實義動詞。

(1)人做主語,sb. need to do sth 某人需要做某事

(2)物做主語,sth need doing sth= sth need to be done

①Students need ___to have_______(have) a good rest in studying. ②The watch needs__mending___(mend).

用于否定句或疑問句,是情態動詞

(1)needn’t = don’t have to 沒有必要

(2)need ,must 引導的一般疑問句,肯定會的用must,否定回答用needn’t

— Must I go there now? — Yes,you must/No, you needn’t

【解析2】share 分享;共用 share sth 分享或共用某物 share sth with sb. 與某人分享某物

(All his friends __Shared___ his happiness when he won the match.

13.Could I hang out with my friends after the movie? 看完電影后我能和朋友們一起閑逛嗎?

【解析】hang out 閑逛 hang up 把......懸掛/掛起

14. Could you please pass me the salt?你能把鹽遞給我嗎?

【解析】pass ⑴v 給;遞;走過;通過 pass sb.sth 把某物遞給某 Pass on 傳遞

Please pass the paper on to the other students.

⑵ v 通過;路過 I pass your home.

⑶ v 通過(考試) ;及格 Tom can pass his math exam.

15. Could I borrow that book?我能借下你那本書看嗎、

Could you lend me some money?你能借我一些錢嗎?

【解析】borrow /lend/keep

(1)borrow 借入 ,與from 連用,尤指主語“【借進來”】

borrow sth from sb. 從某人那里借某物 You can borrow the book from the library.

(2)lend 借出 ,與to 搭配 【指借出去】

lend sb sth=lend sth to sb 把某物借給某人He doesn’t want to lend his book to others.

(3)keep 保留,保存(延續動詞,可以與表示一段時間的狀語連用)【指借一段時間】

【記】 I want to __borrow__ a bike from my friend but he didn’t _lend___ it to me,

because Tom had _kept____ it for two days.

16. I cut my finger and I’m trying not to get it wet.

我的手指割傷了,傷口不能弄濕。

【解析】try (not) to do sth努力(不)做某事。

try v 試圖,設法,努力

【拓展】 (1)try on 試穿

(2) try to do sth 努力做某事 【側重盡力做】

(3) try doing sth 試圖做某事 【側重嘗試做】

(4)try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 盡某人最大努力做某事

17. I hate to do chores. 我討厭做家務。

hate to do sth 討厭做某事, 表示某次具體行為或動作。 I hate to trouble him.

hate doing sth不愿意做某事 表示經常或習慣性行為或動作。 She hates smoking in her room.

18.Could I ask you to help me with some chores then?

那我能請求你幫我做些雜活嗎?

【解析】ask sb. to do sth 要求某人做某事。

ask for 請求,要某物

ask sb. about sth 向某人詢問關于某事

(1)ask sb. for help 向某人請求幫助

(2) ask sb. (not) to do sth請求某人做某事

ask構成的短語:

短語

含義

ask sb. to do sth

請某人做某事

ask sb. not to do sth

不讓某人做某事

ask sb for sth

向某人要某物

ask for help

尋求幫助

19.I’ll finish my homework while you help me with the dishes. 當你幫我洗盤子的時候,我將完成我的家庭作業。

【解析1】finish doing sth 完成某事

— Can you finish _reading__ these books before 10 o’clock? — Yes, I can.

【解析2】while conj. “在……期間; 當……的時候”

While 引導的時間狀語從句的謂語動詞只能是延續動詞。

_While __ the children have fun, parents can take dance lessons on the beach.

【解析3】help sb. with sth. 在某事上幫助某人。

【注】help v 幫助 → helpful adj. 有幫助的

(1)help sb. do sth. =help sb. with sth. 幫助某人做某事

(2)with the help of sb.=with one’s help在某人的幫助之下

(3)without the help of 沒有在…的幫助之下

①I think reading is very __helpful____(help).

② __Without____ your help, we couldn’t catch the thief.

20. Could I invite my friends to a party? 我能邀請我的朋友們來聚會嗎?

【解析】invite sb. to Sp. 邀請某人去某地

【解析】invite v → invitation n邀請

(1) invite sb. to do sth 邀請某人做某事

(2)invite sb. to +地點 邀請某人去某地

21.I don’t understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home.

我不理解為什么有些父母在家讓孩子們幫忙做家務和雜務。

【解析】make sb. do sth 讓某人做某事

make → made →made v. 做, 制作, 使得

(1) make sb/sth + 形容詞 “讓某人或某物…” make you happy

(2) make sb/sth do sth 使某人做某事 make me laugh.

Colors can change our moods and make us _feel__ happy or sad, energetic or sleep.

22.They don’t have time to study and do housework,too.

他們也沒有時間來學習家務和做家務。

【解析】have time to do sth.有時間做某事

have time =be free 有空

23. Housework is a waste of their time. 做家務是在浪費他們的時間。

【解析】a waste of 浪費 a waste of time 浪費時間 a waste of money 浪費金錢

waste v “浪費”

waste time/money on sth waste time / money (in) doing sth 在做某事上花費時間/金錢

Don’t ____waste______water. Can’t you see the sign “save water”?

24.They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and

get into a good university. 為了取得好成績并考上一所好大學,他們應該把時間用在學習上。

【解析1】spend... on sth 在某事上花費......

spend/pay/costake 花費

(1)spend→spent→spent v 花費,主語是人

◆ sb.+ spend +時間/錢+on sth ◆sb. +spend +時間/錢+(in) doing sth

◆spend on= pay for 支付

He spends too much time on the computer games.

Remember to spend some time _with_ your loved ones, because they’re not going to be around forever.

My father __spent___ one hundred thousand yuan on his new car.

(2) pay →paid →paid v 支付,主語是人

◆sb.+ pay + 錢+for sth I pay 10 yuan for the book.

— How much did you __pay__ for this computer? — Five hundred dollars.

(3) cost→ cost→ cost v 花費,主語是某物或某事

◆sth cost sb. +錢 某物花費某人多少錢

A new computer costs me a lot of money.

I bought a new sweater last weekend. It ___cost_ me 120 yuan.

(4)take→took → taken v 花費

◆It takes ook sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花費某人多長時間

It takes him 3 hours to do his homework.

【解析2】in order to “目的是;為了” 后接動詞原形。 in order to do sth 為了做某事

He ran quickly in order not __to be___ late for the meeting.

【解析3】get into =enter 進入

【拓展】與get相關的短語:

get up 起床 get back 返回 get over 克服

get dressed穿衣 get into進入 get/be lost丟失 get off/on下/上車

get on well with sb.與某人相處得好 get out of從…出來 get warm 變曖

get ready for +n.為…做準備 get ready to do sth.準備做某事

get well康復 get a chance 有機會、得到機會

get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡 相關:(be asleep睡著)

25.Also,when they get older, they will have to do housrwork so there’s no need for them to do it now.

而且,當他們長大的時候,他們也將會做家務,因此,他們沒必要現在在做。

【解析】get older 長大

get/ become/ go辨析:

get+adj較多地與形容詞比較級連用。 The days are getting longer and longer.

become 強調變化的結果 It's becoming colder and colder.

go+adj.''表示令人不快的事情 go bad變壞,go blind變瞎,go hungry挨餓

26. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 在家為孩子們提供一個干凈、舒適的環境是父母的義務。

【解析】provide sth. for sb. 為某人提供某物

provide v 提供

provide sb. with sth. (sb 前介詞用for) =provide sth for sb.( sth 前需加介詞with)供應某人某物

相當于:offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.

provide

為應急等做好準備而“提供; 供給”

provide sb. with sth. =provide sth for sb.提供某人某物

offer

側重表示“愿意給予”

offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.對某人提供某物 offer to do sth 主動提出干某事

supply

定期“供應” , 強調替代或補充所需物品

Supply sb. with sth=supply sth. to sb. 為某人提供某物

①The Internet provides us _with__a lot of _information___we need.

② —Could you please provide us _with___ some information about the students’ health? — Of course, it’s my pleasure.

27. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. 無論如何,我認為做家務并不那么難。

【解析】anyway 無論如何, (一般放在句首,用逗號和句子隔開)

28. I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework.

我認為對孩子們來說,學習如何做雜務并幫助他們的父母做家務是很重要的。

【解析】It is important for sb. to do sth. 對某人來說做某事是重要的

29. Children these days depend on their parents too much. 現在的孩子太依賴他們的父母。

【解析】depend on 依靠;信賴

—— Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow? —— Well, it all ___depends on____ the weather.

30. ... Everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.

每個人都有責任保持家里的干凈和整潔。

【解析1】 do one’s part 盡職責;盡本分 Do one’s part in doing sth 在做某事上盡職責

【解析2】keep +sth /sb. +adj. “使......處于某種狀態”

Her mother asked her to keep the windows __open__ and the door __closed__.

keep 系動詞 “保持” keep + adj . We must keep healthy.

實義動詞 “保持;繼續”

(1)keep ( on ) doing sth 繼續做某事 He was in great pain but he kept on working

He kept on __ talking__ after the ball rang for class.

(2) keep sb. Doing sth 讓某人一直做某事 I’m sorry to have kept you waiting for so long.

My teacher kept me __doing___ homework all the afternoon.

31. Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. 做雜務不僅可以培養孩子們的獨立性還可以教 他們如何照顧自己。

【解析】develop independence 培養獨立意識

develop v→development n 發展→developing adj. 發展的→developed adj. 發達的

a developing country 一個發展中國家a developed country 一個發達國家 China is a __developing___country.

32. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.既然他們和父母同住在一個房子里,他們應該知道保持家里干凈、整潔每個人都應該參與。

【解析】since conj. 既然 (表示對方已知的事實或理由,常放在句首)

.—You have been in Neijiang very long? —Yeah. __Since___my parents came here.

33. Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he had n idea how to take care of himself. 我們鄰居的兒子上一所好大學,但是在第一年的時候,他還不知道如何照顧自己。

take care of 照顧Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ___take care of___ my baby at home.

【拓展】與take相關的短語:

take photos/pictures 照像 take away拿走 take out取出(work out算出) take care當心 take a walk散步

take medicine服藥 take place發生take one’s temperature量體溫 take one’s time別著急

34. As a result , he often fell ill and his grades dropped. 結果,他常常生病,功課也落下了。

【解析1】as a result 結果 (插入語,放在句首,用逗號隔開)

Don’t ask him too late into the night, __As a result___ , he is only a small child.

【解析2】fall ill 生病 fall asleep 入睡

35 .The earlier kids learn to be independent , the better it is for their future.孩子們越早學會獨立,對他們的未來越好。

【解析】the + 比較級, the + 比較級 “越...... 越...... ”

The more you smile, the ___ happier____ you will feel.

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?

Why don’t you talk to your parents? 你為什么不和你打父母談談呢?

【解析】Why don't you do sth ?= Why not do sth? 為什么不......呢?

【拓展】用于提建議的句型有:

(1)What about doing sth ?=How about doing sth? ….怎么樣?

(2)Why don’t you do sth?= Why not do sth? 為什么不呢?

(3)Let’s do sth.讓我們一起做某事吧。

(4)Shall we/I do sth?我們做…好嗎?

(5)had better do/not do sth 最好做/不做某事

(6) Will/Would you please do sth 請你做…好嗎?

(7) Would you like to do sth? 你想去做某事嗎?

(8)Would you mind doing sth?你介意做某事嗎?

I have to study too much so I don’t get enough sleep. 我要學的太多,因此我睡眠不足。

【解析1】(1)too many + 復數名詞 許多 too many people

(2)too much +不可數名詞 許多 too much homework

(3)much too +形容詞 太… much too cold

【2013山東德州1】— What’s the matter? — I have a stomachache. Maybe I have eaten ___ tonight.

A. too much B. too many C. much too

【解析2】so conj. 因此 (表示因果關系,后面跟表示結果的句子,不與because同時使用)

【2013浙江舟山、嘉興1】18. The shops were closed_______ I didn't get any milk.

A. so B. as C. or D. but

My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends. 我的父母不允許我和我的朋友們出去閑逛。

【解析】allow sb. to do sth 允許某人做某事

【拓展】allow v 允許

allow doing sth 允許做某事 They don’t allow smoking.

allow sb. to do sth 允許某人做某事My mother allows me to watch TV.

be allowed to do sth 被允許做某事

4. What’s wrong? 怎么啦?

【解析】What’s wrong( with sb./ sth) (某人/物) 怎么了?

【2013四川南充】— Mum , I’m not feeling well. — Oh, dear! _____.

A. What’s wrong B. Not at all C. All right.

I’m really tried because I studied until midnight last night. 我真的很累,因為我昨天晚上一直學習到半夜。

【解析】until 直到......時

【2013山東臨沂2】23. Please hold on to your dream _____ one day it comes true.

A. if B. until C. unless D. though

【2013山東青島3】13. If you have trouble pronouncing these words, you can repeat them over and over again ______ you are comfortable with them. A. unless B. if C. until D. while

【2013浙江麗水3】18. —Hey, man. You can’t cross the street now. You have to wait _____ the traffic turn green.

—Oh, sorry and thank you. A. when B. after C. until D. while

Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening?今天晚上你為什么不早點睡覺呢?

【解析】go to sleep 去睡覺 (強調“入睡,睡著”這一動作)

7. You look sad, Kim. 金,你看起來很傷心。

【解析】look 看起來 (系動詞,后跟形容詞作賓語)

【2012江蘇蘇州3】Some of friends eat with their eyes. They prefer to (更喜歡) what ____ nice.

A. feels B. smells C. looks D. tastes

【拓展】:系動詞:后跟adj. 作表語

一是:(be) am /is /are be quiet=keep quiet 保持安靜

二保持:stay/keep (表示持續狀態) stay healthy=keep healthy 保持健康

三變化:become/geturn (表示狀態變化)

五起來:sound/look/smellaste/feel (表示感覺)

( )Jack usually gets ______ when he speaks in public. A. happily B. exciting C. worried D. tired

( ) Tom’s father looks very _____. But he is very kind. A. seriously B. serious C. friendly

You ____ call him up. 你____ 給他打電話。

【解析】call up (v + adv) call on 拜訪;號召 I call up my parents every Sunday.

9.Well, I found my sister looking through my things yesterday. 哦,昨天我發現我妹妹翻了我的東西。

【解析1】find sb. doing sth 發現某人正在做某事Mr. Wang found Li Dong reading a storybook in the class.

類似動詞:hear,watch, see, feel

【貴州安順】When I went into the room, I found ___ in bed. A. him lying B. he lying C. he lies D. him was lying

【解析2】look through 瀏覽

【拓展】與look相關的短語:

look for look after=take care of look like look the same look over look through

look out look up look around look forward to

10. Yes, but I’m still angry with her. 是的,但是我仍然很生她的氣。

【解析】be angry with sb. 生某人的氣

【拓展】angry adj. 生氣的→ angrily adv. 生氣地

(1)be angry with sb. =be mad at sb. 對某人生氣【with后接人】

(2)be angry at/about sth對某事感到生氣 【at后接事】

(3)be angry to do sth 做某事感到生氣

11.Although she’s wrong, It’s not a big deal. 盡管她錯了,但也不是什么大錯。

【解析1】although= though 盡管 , 用來引導讓步狀語從句。

【注】though / although 不能與but連用

【2012曲靖中考】 ____ my father isn’t pleased with his working environment , he still works hard.

A. And B. Although C. But D. Before

【2013福建福州3】41. — The boy can speak both English and Japanese _________ he is only ten.

— Wow, what a clever boy!

A. if B. because C. although

【2013浙江3】32. —Look! Some people are running the red lights. —We should wait _______ others are breaking the rule.

A. if B. unless C. although D. because

【拓展】although/however辨析

⑴although conj,“雖然;即使;縱然”,引導讓步狀語從句時放在主句前后都可。

Although he is very old, yet he is quite strong.他雖然年紀大了,但身體還很健壯。

⑵ however adv,在句中作插入語,起一個連詞的作用,一般用逗號與句子分開,可以放在句首或句中,意為“然而,盡管如此”。

It’s raining hard, However, I think we should go out.雨下的很大。盡管如此,我認為我們還應該出去。

【解析2】It’s not a big deal. 沒什么大不了;不是什么大事(常用于口語中)

You left your homework at home. 你把作業忘在家里了。

【解析】leave v 遺忘,留下 leave sth . somewhere把某物忘在某地 leave sb. by oneself 把某人單獨留下

【2012山東濟寧】22.—Sorry, Mr. Green. I have ____ my homework at home.

—Never mind. But don't forger next time.

A. put B. kept C. left D. remained

12. Hope things work out. 希望事情順利解決。

【解析1】hope v 希望

hope to do sth I hope to visit Guilin. hope + that 從句 (表示希望) I hope that you’ll be better soon

wish v 希望 wish to do sth I wish to visit Guilin.

wish sb.to do sth 希望某人做某事 I wish you to go.

wish +that 從句 表示愿望,從句用虛擬語氣 I wish I were you.

【解析2】work out 解決;成功地發展,后跟fine,well, badly等詞,表明產生的結果如何。

計算出(答案、數量、價格等)

The math problem is too difficult for me to work out

制定出(計劃等)

I have worked out a new way of doing it.

work out

解決;找出…的答案

The government has many problems to work out.

【2013四川遂寧3】30. The teachers encourage their students to ____ the problems by themselves, and in this way students can enjoy success.

A. give up B. work out C. look through

13.My problem is I can’t get on with my favorite. 我的問題是我不能喝我的家人和睦相處。

【解析】get on with sb. 和某人和睦相處;和某人關系良好 =get along with get on well/ badly with 相處的好/壞

【2013山西1】26. A student in Fudan University was killed by his roommate just because of small things in daily life. It is important for students to learn how to ________ each other.

A. get on with B. come over to C. stay away from

【2013湖北十堰】32. —What kind of persons do you prefer to make friends with?

—I choose my friends on their characters and how we __________.

A. get in B. get up C. get on D. get off

14.When they argue, it’s like a big, black cloud hanging over our home.當他們爭吵的時候,就像有一大團烏云籠罩在我們家。

【解析1】argue 爭吵

→argument n 爭論 have an argument with sb.與某人辯論

argue with sb. 與某人爭吵 argue with sb. about sth 為某事與某人爭吵 argue about sth 爭論某事

argue against 爭辯;反對 He argued against the plan

【2013遼寧錦州】11. —He looks unhappy today. —Let’s _______.

A. cheer him up B. help out him C. look him after D. argue with him

【解析2】 hang over 掛在......之上; 懸浮在......之上

hang out 閑逛;常去某處 He likes reading and he often hangs out in the bookshop.

hang on to 緊緊抓住 You’d better hang on to me in the crowd.

hang up 掛電話;懸掛 After she finished her conversation

15.Also, my elder brother is not very nice to me.

【解析】elder adj.年紀較長的 His elder brother is ill.

elder

用來表示兄弟姐妹及子女之間的長幼關系,常用作定語

older

泛指新舊、老幼或年齡的大小關系,可以用作表語,是old的比較級形式。

【記】 My ______brother is 7 years older than my younger sister.

【2013南京2】 I’m surprised that John is only 25. I thought he was ________ , for he seems to be in his thirties.

A. old B. older C. young D. younger

【解析2】be nice to sb. 對某人友好 be friendly to sb. be good to sb.

16.He always refuses to let me watch my favorite TV show. 他總是拒絕讓我看我最喜歡的電視節目。

【解析】refuse =say no to v拒絕 refuse to do sth拒絕去做某事

The boy refused __________(go) to see his father with us.

(  ) He refused when I asked him for help. A. said yes B. said no C. said hello

【2013浙江寧波】74. He invited her to his birthday party but she _______(拒絕).

17.Instead he watches whatever he wants until late at night.

相反,他卻想看什么酒看什么, 一直到深夜。

【解析1】 instead 代替,反而,替

(1) instead 副詞,代替,常放在句首或句尾,表示前面的事情沒做,而做了后面的事情。

Lee was ill so I went instead.李病了,所以我去了。

(2) instead of +n/doing 代替,而不是,放在句中

instead of 為介詞短語,后面一般接名詞、代詞、介詞短語或動名詞形式。

She wrote to him instead of calling him.=She didn’t call him. She wrote to him instead.

她沒有給他打電話,而是給他寫了封信。

( ) Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit _____ rich food.

A. instead B. instead of C. because of D. because

【2011江蘇徐州4】14. We’ve got no coffee. Let’s have tea _______.

A. either B. however C. yet D. instead

【2013江蘇鹽城】59.To keep fit, we should have more vegetables and fruit _________(代替) of too much meat.

【解析2】 whatever = no matter what 任何,每一

【2013甘肅蘭州】_________ happens, I won’t change my mind.(無論什么)

18.If your parents are having problems, you should offer to help. 如果你的父母有問題,你應該主動提供幫助。

【解析】 offer to do sth 主動提出做某事

【拓展】offer v 主動給予

(1) offer to do sth 主動提出做某事

(2)offer sb. sth= offer sth to sb. 主動提供給某人某物

( )The little boy _____ his seat to the old lady on the crowded bus. A. offered B. brought C. lent D. took

【2013山東萊蕪2】27. The little boy ________ his seat to an old lady on the crowded bus.

A. lent B. offered C. took D. brought

19.Secondly,why don’t you sit down and communicate with your brother? 其次,你為什么不能坐下來和你的哥哥交流一下呢?

【解析1】secondly adv.第二;其次

【解析2】communicate v交流 communication n 交流;溝通communicate with sb. 和某人交流

They communicate with each other by QQ.

( ) They can’t understand each other so they have difficulty in _____.

A. communicate B. communicated C. communicating

20.You should explain that you don’t mind him watching TV all the time. 你應該跟他解釋說你并不介意他一直看電視。

【解析】explain 解釋;說明 → explanation n 解釋;說明

explain sth to sb. 向某人解釋某事。 explain to sb sth給某人解釋某事

【江蘇揚州】Mr. Wu always spends a lot of time __________(解釋) things to us.

【2012浙江寧波】22. —Do you ________that Nancy has been a little too quiet these days?

—Yes. She didn't even say a word this afternoon. A. hope B. notice C. explain D. decide

21. I’m worried about my school grades. 我很膽小我的學習成績。

【解析】 be worried about sth. 擔心某事

【拓展】worry v 擔心 → worried adj. 焦急的 worry about = be worried about 為……擔心

①Don’t be _________(worry). You’ll catch up with others.

( )② Don’t ____ about things so much. It will make you stressed out.

afraid B. worry C. worried D. Terrified

【2013紹興】91. -You look _________ . What's up, sir? -I can't find my ticket, but it's time to check in.

A. sleepy B. hungry C. tired D. worried

22.My cousin borrows my things without returning them.我堂弟借我東西沒有還我。

【解析】return ⑴v 歸還=give back return ... to ... = give back to ... 把......還給......

⑵ v 回來;返回 = come back

【2012浙江寧波】He borrowed my iphone 4 and didn’t ________(歸還) it to me.

23.My parents give me a lot of presure about school.我父母在學習上給了我很多壓力。

【解析】press v 按;壓 →pressure壓力

⑴不可數名詞 (物理學)壓力air pressure 氣壓 blood pressure 血壓

⑵不可數名詞 還可指精神上、外界施加的壓力 = stress under pressure 在壓力下

24.I have to compete with my classmates at school.在學校我不得不和我的同學們競爭。

【解析】compete v競爭;對抗 → competition n 競爭

compete with sb. 和某人競爭compete against/ with 與……競爭compete for 為……參加比賽

We are ready for the coming ________________(compete).

25.You should all be ___ each other to improve. 你們都應該互相____ 而全面發展。

【解析】improve =make ... better 改進 →improvement n 提高

26.Who gives their opinions about the problem? 對于這個問題都有誰提出了他們自己的觀點。

【解析】opinion n 意見;想法;看法 in one’s opinion 以某人的觀點;在某人看來

give opinions about sth. 給出關于某事的觀點。

27.These days , Chinese children are sometimes busier on weekends than weekdays because they have to take so many after-school classes .目前,中國的孩子有時周末比平常還要忙,因為他們不得不上那么多的課后輔導班。

【解析】some time /sometime/some times/sometimes

【口訣】:分開是一段, 合起是某時; 分開s 是倍次,合起s是有時

(1) some time一段時間,做時間狀語 It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花費某人多長時間

(2) sometime adv 在某個時候,

(3) some times 名詞詞組,“幾次,幾倍” Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer.

(4)sometimes=at times 有時 (一般現在時的標志詞)

( ) I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future.

A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time

【2013廣西】At times an ad can lead you to buy something you don’t need at all. so you have to be careful.

A. Sometime B. Sometimes C. Some time D. Some times

28. Others are practicing sports so that they can compete and win. 其他人正在練習體育運動, 這樣他們就能參與競爭并獲勝。

【解析】 others pron. “其他的人或事物”There are other ways of doing it. 做這事還有其他的辦法。

( ) My sister is outgoing . She likes making friends with ____.

A. other B. another C. the other D. others

29.The Taylors are a typical American family.泰勒一家是一個典型的美國之家。

【解析1】The Taylors 泰勒一家 。 在姓氏的復數前加冠詞the表示“全家人或夫妻兩人”,使用時注意主語和謂語保持一致。The Blacks are getting ready for the holiday.

【2012廣東】____ Greens are preparing for the coming Thanksgiving Day. A. / B.A C. An D. The

【解析】typical 典型的 be typical of “是……的特點”

30.. Maybe I could cut out a few of their activities, but I believe these activities are important for my children’s future.

或許我可以減少他們的一些活動, 但是我相信這些活動對孩子們的未來很重要。

【解析】cut out 刪除;刪去 (v+adv) You’d better cut out that sentence.

cut up 切碎 cut down 砍到 cut in 插隊 cut off 切斷(水、電)供應

( ) Don’t ___ when others talk; it’s impolite. A. cut out B. cut in C. cut down D. cut off

31. I really want them to be successful. 我真的很想他們成功。

【解析】successful 成功的【拓展】 succeed v 成功,達到 →success n 成功

→successful adj 成功的→successfully adv成功地

◆succeed in doing sth

①If at first you don’t ____________(success) . try, try again.

( )② She works very hard ,so she will ____ in ____ the exam.

A. successful; pass B. success ;passing C. succeed; passing D. successful; passing

【2013甘肅蘭州】87. Details decide ______ (成功) or not. If we take everything seriously, we’ll achieve our goals.

【2013貴州銅仁】85.—What’s the secret of your ________(success)?—Work hard.

【2013四川涼山】85. After hundreds of experiments, Edison _______ (成功)invented the light bulb.

【2013山東青島3】12. It is ______ that Mr. Guo sailed across the world by himself ______ within about 130 days

A. terrified, successful B. scary, successfully C. amazing, successfully D. convincing, successful

32.It’s time for homework.該寫作業了。

【解析】It’s time for sth 是到做某事的時候了。It’s time for lunch. It’s time to do sth It’s time to go to school.

( ) It’s 9:30 pm., children! _____ is time to go to bed.

A. That B. It C. This D. They

In some families, competition starts very young and continues until the kids get older.

在有些家庭,競爭從孩子們很小的時候就開始了,一直持續到他們長大。

【解析】continue 繼續;持續

【拓展】continue doing sth =go on doing sth 繼續做某事(前后做同一件事)

continue to do sth = go on to do sth 繼續做某事(前后不是同一件事)

①Let’s continue____________(read) the text.

②Many students hope to continue ________ (study) after _______(finish) school.

( )③ The two teams continued _____ the game after half an hour.

A. play B. to play C. playing D. played

【拓展】continue,go on, last辨析

⑴continue v.繼續,持續,指進程在時間或空間上的延續,強調持續不斷,有時也可以指短暫停止后繼續進行。

He continue the work for two days.他連續兩天都在做這項工作。

⑵ go on指無間歇或有間歇地繼續,或以某種特定方式繼續。

go on to do sth繼續做某事,指開始做另外一件事;

go on doing sth繼續做原來所做的事情。

After doing his homework, he went on to preview his lessons.做完家庭作業之后,他繼續去預習他的研究。

⑶last v.持續,延續,維持,指某事物繼續存在或某種現象在時間上延續,說明某一動作要延續一段時間。

She won’t last long in that job.那個工作她做不了多久。

34.Mothers send their small kids to all kinds of classes. 媽媽們把她們的小孩子送去各種各樣的輔導班。

【解析1】send→ sent → sent v 發送

【短語】: send away 趕走 send for 派人去請

send off 寄出 send out 分發 send up 發射send sb. sth = send sth to sb. 送給某人某物

【注】類似的動詞有:show (展示; 給……看) give (給) lend (借出) offer(提供) return (歸還) tell ( 告訴)

( ) ① You fill in both parts of the form, then_____.A. send up it B. send for it C. send it away D. send it off

( ) Please send a photo of your family ____ me. A. for B. at C. to D. with

【2011四川綿陽】--- Drunken drive is dangerous, isn’t it?

---- Yeah. That why drunken drivers_____ to prison even without causing accidents.

A. sent B. are sent C. send D. are sending

【解析2】all kinds of 各種各樣的

【拓展】kind (1) n 種類

kind of +adj.有點,有幾分,kind of cold 有點冷 a kind of 一種的,某種的 all kinds of 各種各樣的

different kinds of 不同種類的 What kind of…?那種

(2) adj. 友好的 be kind to sb. = be good to sb.=be friendly to sb. 對某人友好

【辨析】kind of 與kinds of:

kind of 單獨用,表示“有點”,后接形容詞或副詞: He is kind of thin.”他有點瘦” I feel kind of hungry.”我有點餓”

Uncle Wang speaks kind of quickly. 王叔叔說得有點快。

若kind of前有a, this, that, what等,譯為“種,種類” 后加名詞。

That kind of question is difficult to answer. 那類問題難回答。What kind of sport do you like best? 你最喜歡何種運動?

( ) ①This kind of skirt looks ___ and sells _____.

A. nice ; well B. nice; good C. well; well D. good ;nice

( ) ②—What ____ animals do you like? — Monkeys. I think they’re _____ clever.

A. kind of; kind of B . a kind of ;a kind of C. kind of; a kind D. a kind of ; kind of

( )③ — It’s going to rain. Let me fetch an umbrella for you. — Thank you ! You are so ____.

A. lucky B. kind C. relaxed D. Interesting

【2013浙江臺州】17. —I want to see the movie Iron Man 3 (《鋼鐵3》). Do you know the ______ of the ticket?

—Yes. Five dollars.

A. number B. price C. kind D. name

35..Kids should have time to relax and think for themselves, too. 孩子們也應該有時間放松和獨立思考。

【解析】have time to do sth 有時間做某事

( ) Do you have time _____ this game with us?

A. to play B. play C. playing D. played

36. And they are always comparing them with other children.她們總是把自己的孩子和其他的孩子作比較。

【解析】compare A with B 將A和B 比較

(1)compare…with… 把……與…..做比較

(2) compare…to… 把…..比做……

( ) ①. People often compare a teacher a candle.

A. to B. into C. as D. with

( ) ②. It’s necessary English Chinese in English study.

A. compare ; to B. to compare ; with C. comparing ; to D. to compare; into

【2011四川廣元】— Why are most children under too much pressure ?

— Because their parents always compare them ___ others.

A. With B. by C. to

37. Doctors say too much pressure is not good for a child’s development.醫生說太多的壓力不利于孩子們的發展。

【解析1】be good for 對......有好處

【拓展】good ( better ; best) adj. 好的 → goodness n 好處;善行 ;美德

be good for 對….有益處(反) be bad for對…有害處

be good at +n/doing=do well in +n/doing 擅長于做某事

be good to sb. =be kind to =be friendly to sb.對某人友好

【記】The boy is good ______me .He is good ______English , and he tells me oral practice is good ______improve spoken English.

【新疆中考】I think drinking milk is good ____ our health. A. for B. to C. with D. at

【湖北咸寧】 — I think drinking milk every morning is good ____ our health.

— Yes, I agree _____ you. A. to; to B. with; to C. at; with D. for; with

【山東臨沂】English is my favorite subjiect , and I am good ___ it.

A. for B. to C. at D. of

【解析2】development 發展

【2012江蘇泰州】Good habits are good for the ___________(develop) of us teenagers.

【2012江蘇鹽城】 The ____________(develop) of science has changed our world a lot.

38.Dr. Alice Green says all these activities can cause a lot of stress for children.

愛麗絲. 格林醫生說所有的這些活動可能給孩子們帶來很多壓力。

【解析】 cause v. 造成,使發生

(1) cause sb. to do sth 使某人做某事 (2) cause sb. for sb. 給某人添麻煩

( ) ①She always ___ trouble ___ people.

A. cause; to B. cause ; for C. causing; to D. causing; for

( ) ②Every year driving after drinking wine ____ a lot of traffic accidents.

A. happens B. provides C. causes

【拓展】 cause, reason, excuse辨析

⑴cause n.原因,指引起某種結果的“原因”,后接介詞of.

The cause of the accident was the fact that he was driving too fast.事故的原因是他開車開的太快。

⑵reason n.理由,原因,指決定做某事或采取某項行動的理由。

The reason he was driving so fast was that he didn’t want to miss an important meeting.他開車如此快的原因是他不想錯過一個重要的會議。

⑶excuse n.辯解,借口,指對某種行為所做的解釋,可以是真的,也可以是托詞。

He made a good excuse for his driving.他為自己開快車找了一個堂皇的借口。

( ) What ___ the flowers to die? A. made B. had C. caused D .get

( ) Do you often ___ trouble ____ your parents? A. get; into B. pay; for C. cause; for D. give; to

39. .In my opinion, it is important for children/ parents to ... 我認為, 對于孩子們/父母來說, ......是重要的。

【解析】in one’s opinion 以某人的觀點; 在某人看來

40. Perhaps children/ parents should / could ......或許孩子們/父母應該/ 可能.......

【解析】perhaps 也許;可能

【拓展】perhaps,probably,possibly,maybe辨析

⑴perhaps意為“也許,可能”,一般指比較小的可能性。

Perhaps I will see him the day after tomorrow, but I am not sure.也許我后天去看他,不過我不能確定。

⑵probably“很可能,大概”,其可能性最大,表示一種幾乎完全肯定的意思。

He will probably refuse the offer.他很可能會拒絕這份提議。

⑶possibly意為“可能,或許,也許”,可能性較大。

I’ll see you today, or possibly tomorrow.我今天要見你,不過也可能是明天。

⑷maybe“或許,大概”,主要用于非正式場合,常用在口語中,語氣比perhaps輕。

Maybe you put the letter in your basket. 或許你把信放在你的籃子里了。

41. It’s crazy. 這是瘋狂的。

【解析】crazy. adj. 不理智的;瘋狂的 (在句中作定語、表語、賓語補足語)

be crazy about 對……著迷;熱衷于…… I’m crazy about football.

42. Does Cathy Taylor think it’s important for kids to join after-school activities?

凱西. 泰勒認為對于孩子們而言參加課文活動重要嗎?

【解析】It’s + adj.(easy,difficult,important,necessary) +(for sb.) to do sth

【注】若形容詞表示事物特征的,如:easy ,difficult, hard ,important等,須用介詞for 【形容物,用for】

It’s +adj( kind, honest, friendly, )+(of sb) to do sth.

【注】 若形容詞表示人的性格、品質與特點,如:good ,kind ,nice, wrong等,用介詞of。【形容人用of】

【2012山東東營】It’s very convenient ___ us to buy train tickets now because we can buy them either from the station or on the Internet. A. to B. of C. by D. for

① It’s important for us _______(learn) English well.

②It’s hard for us ____________(finish) this task in two days.

( )③ It’s very nice ____ you to help me a lot. A. for B. of C. in D. on

( ) ④ –It’s very ___ of you to work out the problem for me. A. kind B. polite C. clever D. easy

43. keep on happening 持續發生

【解析】keep on doing 繼續做某事 keep sb. doing sth 讓某人一直做某事 keep up with 跟上

keep sb. from doing sth阻止某人做某事 keep away from避開

Mr. Li kept _________(work) here for nearly 30 years.

二、重點語法

1. 情態動詞should與could的用法

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 ......

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英...

2018新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2018新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結_英語_初中教育_教育專區。...

人教版版八年級英語下冊第6---第10單元知識點總結.doc

2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 6---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit6 A...

2017新版人教版八年級英語下冊各單元知識點匯總.doc

2017新版人教版八年級英語下冊各單元知識點匯總 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1......

新目標八年級下冊1-10知識點總結.doc

新目標八年級下冊1-10知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第一至第十單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1. What’ s the ma......

...Units1-10單元知識點期末復習總結打印_(新版).doc

2014版新目標英語八年級英語上冊_Units1-10單元知識點期末復習總結打印_(新版)_英語_初中教育_教育專區。Units 1-10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 Where did you go ......

八年級英語1-10單元知識點總結_圖文.doc

八年級英語1-10單元知識點總結_英語_初中教育_教育...暫無評價 54頁 1下載券 2014新版八年級英語下冊....53頁 1下載券 八年級英語下冊第1至第1... 暫無......

2014年新人教版八年級英語下冊全1-10單元重點詞組及句....doc

(詞匯表+不規則動詞表) ant05 1 2014 年新人教版英語八年級 Go for it 下冊 全 1-10 單元重點詞組及句型匯總 (附掃描版詞匯表+不規則動詞表) Unit 1 ......

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 ......

新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題.doc

新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題_英語_初中教育_教育專區。新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題,人教版八年級下冊英語重點語法,人教版英語......

新目標八年級英語下冊1-10單元知識點及難點精講及歸納.doc

新目標八年級英語下冊1-10單元知識點及難點精講及歸納 - 英語小屋八年級(下)英語知識講解 每單元均有重要的字、詞的辨析及重要語句的分析與用法指導; 有課文中......

2014年春人教版八年級上冊英語Units1-10單元知識點歸納.doc

2014年春人教版八年級上冊英語Units1-10單元知識點歸納_英語_初中教育_教育專區。2014 年春人教版八年級上冊英語 Units1-10 單元知識點歸納 Unit1 Where did you......

2014最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納及作文.doc

2014最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納及作文...Spring, in 2018 八年級英語下冊知識點 Unit 1. ...斗爭 29.write a short summary 寫一個總結/概要 ......

八年級英語下冊第4至第10單元知識點總結.doc

八年級英語下冊第4至第10單元知識點總結 - Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents? 一.知識點 1.My parents don’t allow ......

2014年新版八年級下冊第一單元知識點總結.doc

2014年新版八年級下冊第一單元知識點總結 - 新版八年級下冊 unit1 Ph...

2014春季新版八年級下冊英語第一至三單元知識點小結.doc

2014春季新版八年級下冊英語第一至三單元知識點小結 - 2014 春季新版八年級下冊英語 Units1-3 知識點小結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1. ......

新人教版英語八年級下冊1至10單元單詞和知識點(英文).doc

新人教版英語八年級下冊1至10單元單詞和知識點(英文) - 八下單詞和知識點英文表 Unit 1 52. blood 1. matter 53. mean 2.What ’s the matte......

2018最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納.doc

2018最新八年級英語下冊全冊核心知識要點總結 2017 年春人教版八年級英語下冊知識點 Unit 1. ...2014新版新目標八年級英... 12頁 2下載券 2017......

2014年八年級英語下冊第十單元重點短語及練習題.doc

2014年八年級英語下冊第十單元重點短語及練習題 - Unit 10 I ’ve had this bike for three years. 一.重點短語 these days 目前;現在 r......

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結.txt

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結 - 八年級英語第一單元知識點歸納 1. be s...

2013八上UNITS1-10單元知識點小結 2.txt

2013八上UNITS1-10單元知識點小結 2 - 2013秋季新版八年級上冊英語第一至五單元知識點小結 Unit1 Where did you go on vacation? 1......

新目標八年級英語下冊第十單元教學重難點學案.txt

新目標八年級英語下冊第十單元教學重難點學案 Unit 10 It's a nice day, ...五. 重點、難點分析:(一)反意疑問句 反意疑問句是初中階段英語教學的重點和......

2013新人教版八年級英語下冊目錄和知識結構 - 百度文庫.txt

人教版八年級英語上冊第... 3頁 2014人教版八...文檔可以轉存到百度網盤啦! /1 1下載券 立即下載...新人教版七年級下冊英語知識點 4.4 分10990人閱讀 ......

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點.txt

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點 - Section A 1. 根據句意及首字母或漢語提示完成單詞 1. Tom is tall,but his brother is s___. 2. Al......

初中基礎知識講析與測試 英語八年級下冊 主編李祖留 Ui....txt

2014春 新人教版八年級英... 29頁 新版人教版...初中基礎知識講析與測試 英語八年級下冊 主編李祖留...10.Japanese 第二節 1.foxes 2.awake 3.four......

人教版九年級英語第一單元知識點總結 - 百度文庫.txt

人教版九年級英語各單元... 15頁 2014秋季新人教...人教版九年級英語第一單元知識點總結 四川大傻蛋 ...== with one’s help 在某人的幫助下 如:with ......

八年級英語試卷(第一單元).txt

八年級上冊英語知識點總結1/2 相關文檔推薦 八年級英語試題第一單元 4頁 免費...句型轉換。(10分) 根據上句完成下句,且使上下兩句意思一致,每空一詞。 1. ......

八年級英語下冊_第三單元檢測試卷_人教新目標版.txt

八年級上冊英語知識點總結 八年級英語下冊_第一單元檢... 八年級英語下冊_第二...八年級英語下冊_第九單元檢... 八年級英語下冊_第十單元檢...1......

八年級英語下冊Unit4綜合測試題.txt

八年級英語下冊unit4單元測試題筆試部分(100分) I.詞匯(10分) A. 根據句意...2014年人教版新目標八年... 5頁 1下載券 八年級下冊英語unit4 8頁 免費 ......

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點.txt

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點 - 一、 填入所缺字母,將單詞補充完整。(10分) 1. pict_res 2.s_ilor 3.m_ _ t 4.po_r 5.a ......

七年級新目標英語周報 - 百度文庫.txt

實用文檔 求職/職場 總結/匯報 黨團工作 資格考試...新版七年級英語下冊各單... 10頁 2013人教版七...人教版七年級下冊英語... 新目標英語中考第一輪.......

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 ......

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英...

2018新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2018新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結_英語_初中教育_教育專區。...

人教版版八年級英語下冊第6---第10單元知識點總結.doc

2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 6---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit6 A...

2017新版人教版八年級英語下冊各單元知識點匯總.doc

2017新版人教版八年級英語下冊各單元知識點匯總 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1......

新目標八年級下冊1-10知識點總結.doc

新目標八年級下冊1-10知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第一至第十單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1. What’ s the ma......

...Units1-10單元知識點期末復習總結打印_(新版).doc

2014版新目標英語八年級英語上冊_Units1-10單元知識點期末復習總結打印_(新版)_英語_初中教育_教育專區。Units 1-10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 Where did you go ......

八年級英語1-10單元知識點總結_圖文.doc

八年級英語1-10單元知識點總結_英語_初中教育_教育...暫無評價 54頁 1下載券 2014新版八年級英語下冊....53頁 1下載券 八年級英語下冊第1至第1... 暫無......

2014年新人教版八年級英語下冊全1-10單元重點詞組及句....doc

(詞匯表+不規則動詞表) ant05 1 2014 年新人教版英語八年級 Go for it 下冊 全 1-10 單元重點詞組及句型匯總 (附掃描版詞匯表+不規則動詞表) Unit 1 ......

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結.doc

2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結 - 2014 新版八年級英語下冊第 1---第 10 單元知識點總結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 ......

新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題.doc

新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題_英語_初中教育_教育專區。新人教版英語八年級下冊1-10單元語法總結及習題,人教版八年級下冊英語重點語法,人教版英語......

新目標八年級英語下冊1-10單元知識點及難點精講及歸納.doc

新目標八年級英語下冊1-10單元知識點及難點精講及歸納 - 英語小屋八年級(下)英語知識講解 每單元均有重要的字、詞的辨析及重要語句的分析與用法指導; 有課文中......

2014年春人教版八年級上冊英語Units1-10單元知識點歸納.doc

2014年春人教版八年級上冊英語Units1-10單元知識點歸納_英語_初中教育_教育專區。2014 年春人教版八年級上冊英語 Units1-10 單元知識點歸納 Unit1 Where did you......

2014最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納及作文.doc

2014最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納及作文...Spring, in 2018 八年級英語下冊知識點 Unit 1. ...斗爭 29.write a short summary 寫一個總結/概要 ......

八年級英語下冊第4至第10單元知識點總結.doc

八年級英語下冊第4至第10單元知識點總結 - Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents? 一.知識點 1.My parents don’t allow ......

2014年新版八年級下冊第一單元知識點總結.doc

2014年新版八年級下冊第一單元知識點總結 - 新版八年級下冊 unit1 Ph...

2014春季新版八年級下冊英語第一至三單元知識點小結.doc

2014春季新版八年級下冊英語第一至三單元知識點小結 - 2014 春季新版八年級下冊英語 Units1-3 知識點小結 Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識 1. ......

新人教版英語八年級下冊1至10單元單詞和知識點(英文).doc

新人教版英語八年級下冊1至10單元單詞和知識點(英文) - 八下單詞和知識點英文表 Unit 1 52. blood 1. matter 53. mean 2.What ’s the matte......

2018最新版新目標八年級英語下冊單元知識點歸納.doc

2018最新八年級英語下冊全冊核心知識要點總結 2017 年春人教版八年級英語下冊知識點 Unit 1. ...2014新版新目標八年級英... 12頁 2下載券 2017......

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結.txt

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結 - 八年級英語第一單元知識點歸納 1. be s...

2013八上UNITS1-10單元知識點小結 2.txt

2013八上UNITS1-10單元知識點小結 2 - 2013秋季新版八年級上冊英語第一至五單元知識點小結 Unit1 Where did you go on vacation? 1......

新目標八年級英語下冊第十單元教學重難點學案.txt

新目標八年級英語下冊第十單元教學重難點學案 Unit 10 It's a nice day, ...五. 重點、難點分析:(一)反意疑問句 反意疑問句是初中階段英語教學的重點和......

2013新人教版八年級英語下冊目錄和知識結構 - 百度文庫.txt

人教版八年級英語上冊第... 3頁 2014人教版八...文檔可以轉存到百度網盤啦! /1 1下載券 立即下載...新人教版七年級下冊英語知識點 4.4 分10990人閱讀 ......

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點.txt

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點 - Section A 1. 根據句意及首字母或漢語提示完成單詞 1. Tom is tall,but his brother is s___. 2. Al......

初中基礎知識講析與測試 英語八年級下冊 主編李祖留 Ui....txt

2014春 新人教版八年級英... 29頁 新版人教版...初中基礎知識講析與測試 英語八年級下冊 主編李祖留...10.Japanese 第二節 1.foxes 2.awake 3.four......

人教版九年級英語第一單元知識點總結 - 百度文庫.txt

人教版九年級英語各單元... 15頁 2014秋季新人教...人教版九年級英語第一單元知識點總結 四川大傻蛋 ...== with one’s help 在某人的幫助下 如:with ......

八年級英語試卷(第一單元).txt

八年級上冊英語知識點總結1/2 相關文檔推薦 八年級英語試題第一單元 4頁 免費...句型轉換。(10分) 根據上句完成下句,且使上下兩句意思一致,每空一詞。 1. ......

八年級英語下冊_第三單元檢測試卷_人教新目標版.txt

八年級上冊英語知識點總結 八年級英語下冊_第一單元檢... 八年級英語下冊_第二...八年級英語下冊_第九單元檢... 八年級英語下冊_第十單元檢...1......

八年級英語下冊Unit4綜合測試題.txt

八年級英語下冊unit4單元測試題筆試部分(100分) I.詞匯(10分) A. 根據句意...2014年人教版新目標八年... 5頁 1下載券 八年級下冊英語unit4 8頁 免費 ......

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點.txt

八年級下冊英語第五單元知識點 - 一、 填入所缺字母,將單詞補充完整。(10分) 1. pict_res 2.s_ilor 3.m_ _ t 4.po_r 5.a ......

  • 本文相關:
  • 2014新版八年級英語下冊第1-----第10單元
  • 2014新版八年級英語下冊第一至第十單元知識點總結
  • 2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總
  • 新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總結
  • 新人教版八年級英語下冊第1--第10單元知識點總結
  • 2014新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總
  • 2015新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總
  • 2016新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總
  • 2018新版八年級英語下冊第1至第10單元知識點總
  • 2014新版八年級英語下冊第一至第五單元知識點總結
  • www.kjnfab.live true http://www.kjnfab.live/wendangku/z5s/f5bg/jbe89307e21v/kaf45b207a857l.html report 65002 2014新版八年級英語下冊第1-----第10單元知識點總結Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、基礎知識1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.問題;事情 What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了?【注】: mat
    • 猜你喜歡
    • 24小時熱文
    • 本周熱評
    圖文推薦
    • 最新添加
    • 最熱文章
    精彩推薦
    讀過此文的還讀過
    上海时时乐开奖号碼